Types of Leather
Full Grain Leather
Full Grain refers to leather that has not been altered by sanding or budding. Full Grain leather retains the grain layer, original texture, and markings that naturally occur during the lifetime of the animal and create a one of a kind look for each upholstered product. The vast majority of Our House leathers are designed on Full Grain hides.
Corrected Grain Leather
Corrected Grain Leather undergoes a light buffing process to better absorb dye and minimize the appearance of blemishes and natural leather markings on its surface. Corrected Grain Leather is often preferred for use in projects where uniform color is desired.
Nubuck, a Corrected Grain leather, is Top Grain leather where the top hair cell layer has been removed by sanding, resulting in a luxurious nap and velvet-like surface.
Aniline vs. Semi-Aniline
Aniline leather is colored by immersing hides in a dye bath with transparent aniline dyes that fully penetrate the hide. These leathers are the most natural and often the most pristine hides are used. All surface imperfections and flaws will be visible in aniline dyed leathers.
Semi-Aniline leathers are aniline dyed with an added layer of pigment or surface coating to enhance durability and color consistency. Imperfections and flaws are still visible.
Care and Cleaning Instructions
Finished / Smooth Leather
- Brush periodically with a dry cloth
- No harsh cleaners or solvents
- For stubborn stains and spills, a lightly damp cloth with warm water should be blotted on the strain to lift & remove it
- Mild soap and water solution (3 parts water 1 part soap) should be mixed and then blotted to release stain, then blot again with dry cloth
- Never scrub your leather
- Always spot test before using any method
Naked, Nubuck, Suede or Unfinished Upholstery Leather
- In some cases, Nubuck can we treated with flour chemicals which will help repelling soil and spotting
- Regular cleaning of Nubuck/Suede can best be done using a vacuum cleaner and then brushing the nap back up using a soft nylon brush
- When spills do occur, blot excess liquid immediately with a clean white absorbent cloth or sponge
- If necessary, use lukewarm water and a clean white cloth that is well wrung, and gently wipe the spill dry using a blow dryer
- Light soiling, dry stains and marks can sometimes be removed by using a pencil eraser or a dry cleaning pad and gently rubbing the affected area. Finish by vacuuming and brushing the nap with a nylon brush
- For butter, oil, and grease, wipe off excess using a clean, white, dry cloth. Then leave alone and the stain should dissipate into the leather in a short period of time. Do not apply water.